Dwarf Gourami


Dwarf Gouramis are small, colorful fish with striking patterns and vibrant hues. They are peaceful and easy to care for, making them ideal for community tanks. With their curious and friendly nature, Dwarf Gouramis bring both beauty and charm to any aquarium.

Dwarf Gourami Care


Where Do Dwarf Gourami From?

Dwarf Gouramis come from the water bodies of South Asia. You’ll find them in countries like India, West Bengal, Assam, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. They prefer inhabiting thick, vegetated waters.

These fish have been known to thrive in their natural habitats, with dense plant growth providing a perfect environment.

First described scientifically by Hamilton in 1822, Dwarf Gouramis have also established feral populations in areas like the United States, Singapore, and Colombia over time. These colorful, active fish adapt well to various water conditions, making them popular among aquarists worldwide.


What Is the Natural Habitat of a Dwarf Gourami?

Dwarf Gouramis thrive in well-planted tanks that simulate their natural habitat. Include plenty of live plants, such as floating water sprite or java moss, to provide hiding places and reduce stress.

Aim for a tank size of at least 20 gallons. These fish appreciate calm waters with moderate aeration and a gentle flow.

A sponge filter can help maintain the water quality without causing too much disturbance. Ensure the temperature stays between 75-82°F with the help of a heater if necessary.

Add some driftwood or smooth rocks to create additional hiding spots. Keeping the lighting subdued will make your Dwarf Gouramis feel more secure and comfortable.


What Do Dwarf Gourami Eat?

Dwarf Gouramis thrive on a varied diet. You should provide a mix of high-quality flakes, pellets, and frozen foods.

Brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia are excellent choices.

Include some plant-based foods to balance their diet, like spirulina flakes or blanched vegetables.

Feeding them twice daily in small amounts helps avoid overfeeding and maintains water quality.


Dwarf Gouramis are known for their vibrant colors and lively personalities. They are generally peaceful but can become territorial, especially males. If you keep multiple males in one tank, make sure there’s plenty of space and hiding spots to avoid aggression.

These fish are curious and enjoy exploring their environment. You’ll often see them swimming around plants and decorations. They interact well with other peaceful fish species, making them good candidates for community tanks.

During breeding, males can become more aggressive as they protect their bubble nests. It’s common for them to chase away other fish that come too close. Outside of breeding, they’re relatively calm and exhibit a gentle nature.

Are Dwarf Gourami Aggressive?

Yes, Dwarf Gouramis can be somewhat aggressive, especially males. They often display territorial behavior, particularly when guarding their bubble nests during breeding. This aggression usually targets other males or fish with similar shapes and colors.

To minimize conflicts, provide plenty of plants and hiding spaces in the tank. Keeping a single male with several females can also help reduce aggression levels. If necessary, consider separating overly aggressive individuals to maintain a peaceful environment.

Tank Size

How Big of a Tank Does a Dwarf Gourami Need?

For keeping Dwarf Gouramis, a tank size of at least 10 gallons is recommended.

If you’re planning to keep multiple Dwarf Gouramis, increase the tank size accordingly. Add an extra 5 gallons of space for each additional fish. This ensures that they have enough room to swim and establish their own territories.

A larger tank, around 20 gallons, is ideal. It provides more swimming space and allows for a better distribution of decorations and plants, creating a more natural and comfortable environment.

Make sure the tank is well-covered, as Dwarf Gouramis are known to jump.

Proper filtration is also key. It helps maintain water quality and provides a stable environment.


What Are the Best Tank Mates For Dwarf Gourami?

The best tank mates for the Dwarf Gourami are those that can thrive in similar conditions and won’t provoke aggressive behavior. Considering this, options like Neon Tetras and Corydoras Catfish make excellent companions. Neon Tetras are small, peaceful fish that can live in the same water conditions, while Corydoras Catfish are gentle bottom-dwellers that are compatible with the moderately lit, spacious environment preferred by Dwarf Gouramis.

When choosing companions for your Dwarf Gourami, it’s crucial to consider their natural habitat and behavioral patterns. Dwarf Gouramis are generally peaceful but can become territorial, especially males. Selecting similarly sized, calm tank mates that can coexist without causing stress is key to maintaining a harmonious community tank.

To create an ideal home for your Dwarf Gouramis and their companions, ensure you’re setting up a tank that meets their specific requirements. A 20-gallon tank with plenty of plants and hiding spots is perfect for mimicking their natural environment. This setup not only provides ample space for swimming but also helps reduce territorial disputes by offering plenty of places to explore and hide.


How Big Do Dwarf Gourami Get?

Dwarf Gouramis typically range between 3.5 and 4.5 inches in length. Their size can vary depending on factors like diet, tank conditions, and genetics. While they are relatively small fish, providing adequate space in your aquarium helps them thrive.

These fish stop growing once they reach adulthood, usually around 6 months old. Male Dwarf Gouramis are often slightly larger than females. Make sure your tank setup accommodates their full-grown size to ensure a healthy and stress-free environment for your fish.

How to Take Care of a Dwarf Gourami

Maintain a Clean Tank

Regularly cleaning your tank is crucial for the health of your Dwarf Gourami. Perform partial water changes weekly or bi-weekly. Replace 25% of the water each time to remove waste and contaminants without disturbing the tank’s balance too much.

Remove any uneaten food and debris using a gravel vacuum during water changes. This helps keep the substrate clean and reduces the risk of harmful bacteria build-up.

Clean the tank walls with an algae scraper to prevent algae growth. Make sure not to use soap or any chemical cleaners, as these can be harmful to your fish. Simple scrubbing tools designed for aquarium use are sufficient.

Don’t forget to check and clean your filters. Rinse the filter media in dechlorinated water to remove accumulated waste. Replace the media as per the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure effective filtration and maintain water quality.

Provide Proper Filtration

A good filtration system is essential for keeping your Dwarf Gouramis healthy. They thrive in clean water with minimal waste buildup. Choose a filter that’s appropriate for the size of your tank, ensuring it can handle the bioload without creating too much water flow, as Dwarf Gouramis prefer calmer waters.

Using a sponge filter is a great option. It provides gentle water flow and also helps maintain beneficial bacteria in the tank. This type of filtration is effective without stressing your fish. Avoid strong filters that produce high currents, which can make it difficult for your Dwarf Gouramis to swim comfortably.

Regular maintenance of your filter is necessary. Clean it periodically to prevent clogging and ensure it continues to function correctly. Don’t forget to also check the water quality regularly, as even the best filter can’t replace regular water changes. This will help in maintaining a balanced and healthy environment for your fish.

Monitor Water Temperature

Keeping the water temperature stable for your Dwarf Gourami is crucial. Aim for a temperature between 72-82°F. Use a reliable aquarium heater to maintain the temperature within this range.

Frequently check the water temperature with a thermometer. Consistent monitoring helps prevent sudden temperature changes, which can stress your fish. Placing the tank away from windows and direct sunlight can help maintain stability.

If the power goes out or if there’s a significant drop in room temperature, use a backup method, such as a battery-operated heater or even wrapping the tank with blankets to keep it warm temporarily.

Use Live Plants

Incorporate live plants into your dwarf gourami’s tank. They benefit from the natural environment, which includes places to hide and rest. Live plants also help maintain water quality by absorbing nitrates.

Choose hardy plants like Java Fern, Anubias, and Amazon Sword. These plants are easy to care for and thrive in similar conditions to those preferred by dwarf gouramis.

Make sure to place the plants strategically, providing enough open swimming space. You can attach plants like Java Fern to rocks and driftwood, creating a more natural aquascape. Regularly trim and maintain your plants to keep the tank tidy and healthy.

Feed High-Quality Flakes

Your Dwarf Gourami needs a diet of high-quality flake food to thrive. Opt for flakes that list fresh seafood as the primary ingredient to ensure your fish gets the necessary nutrients. This enhances their color and vitality.

Feed your Dwarf Gourami once or twice a day, giving only a pinch each time. Make sure all the food is eaten within a few minutes to avoid overfeeding and water pollution. If they don’t finish, reduce the amount next time.

Incorporate variety by occasionally offering vegetable-based flakes or pellet fish food. This keeps your fish interested and supports overall health. Consistent, moderate feeding with quality flakes promotes a long, healthy life for your Gourami.

Include Protein-Rich Foods

Dwarf Gouramis thrive on a diet rich in protein. You should offer them a mix of high-quality flake food, freeze-dried or live foods. Bloodworms, brine shrimp, and daphnia are excellent choices to ensure they get enough protein.

Variety is key to keeping your fish healthy. Rotate the types of foods you provide to make sure they receive all the necessary nutrients. Feeding them different protein sources keeps their diet balanced and interesting.

Make sure to feed your Dwarf Gouramis the right amount. Overfeeding can lead to health issues and poor water quality. Offer meals once or twice a day and only give what they can consume in a few minutes. This keeps your Gouramis in optimal condition.

Keep Tank Peaceful

To keep your dwarf gourami tank peaceful, it’s important to choose tank mates wisely. Avoid aggressive fish like cichlids, which can stress your gouramis. Ideal companions include peaceful species like neon tetras, harlequin rasboras, and corydoras catfish.

Provide plenty of hiding spots using plants, rocks, and decorations. This helps reduce stress and gives your fish a place to retreat when needed. A well-decorated tank can also break sightlines, preventing territorial disputes.

Limit the number of fish in the tank to avoid overcrowding. Overcrowding can lead to increased aggression and stress among the fish. Make sure each fish has enough space to swim freely and establish its territory.

Perform Regular Water Changes

Regular water changes are crucial for maintaining a healthy environment for your Dwarf Gourami. For tanks under 10 gallons, change the water every two weeks. If your tank is between 10 and 30 gallons, a monthly water change should suffice. For larger tanks over 30 gallons, a water change every six weeks is often enough.

Always test the water before making changes. It’s essential to ensure the new water is free of chlorine and other harmful chemicals. Use water conditioners or let tap water sit for 24 hours to ensure it’s safe for your fish.

Regular water changes help remove waste and toxins, which can build up over time. They keep the water clean and reduce stress on your Dwarf Gourami. A reliable filtration system complements these efforts but doesn’t replace the need for water changes.

Observe for Signs of Illness

It’s important to watch your Dwarf Gourami for any signs of illness. Pay attention to changes in their behavior, such as a lack of energy or unusual swimming patterns. If your fish isn’t eating or is hiding more than usual, these could be signs that something’s wrong.

Look at the physical condition of your fish. Check for signs like white spots, clamped fins, or changes in coloration. These symptoms can indicate common fish diseases such as Ich or fin rot.

Make a habit of performing daily check-ups on your fish. Early detection and treatment can make a big difference in your Dwarf Gourami’s health and happiness. If you notice anything unusual, take immediate action to address the issue.

Provide Hiding Spots

Dwarf Gouramis need hiding spots to feel secure and reduce stress. A well-decorated tank with plenty of places to hide helps mimic their natural habitat. This can be achieved by adding live plants or realistic artificial ones.

Including decorations like rocks and driftwood can also create excellent hiding spots. Floating plants can provide additional cover, allowing your fish to feel safe from above. It’s important to place these elements thoughtfully throughout the tank.

Sometimes, tank gadgets like filters or heaters may also serve as hiding spots. Ensure they are safe and won’t harm your fish. Creating a variety of hiding places helps keep your Dwarf Gouramis comfortable and encourages natural behaviors.