Best Substrate for Mbuna Cichlids

The first thing you need to consider when choosing a substrate for mbuna cichlids is whether or not it will affect the pH levels in your tank. Mbunas are very hardy, aggressive fish that require well-established tanks with lots of rockwork to hide in. They are not suitable for a newly set up tank or … Read more

what to feed otocinclus

Though I’m not an expert on catfish, I’ve picked up quite a bit of info on Otos over the last couple of years. Much of this has been from looking them up on the internet ( is a good resource), but quite a bit has been learned from watching these algae vacuum cleaners each day … Read more

water parameters for discus

It has been debated a lot about whether to keep discus fish in hard water or soft water. People have had success with both methods so it’s not an easy answer but I will share with you, how I do things and what has worked for me. Here’s the first rule I use when buying … Read more

Constipation Information and Symptoms

Constipation, although terribly embarrassing, is a very common Betta ailment. Constipation is normally caused by the Betta being fed too many rich foods (such as bloodworms) and not enough fiber. Constipation can also become a recurring problem in elderly Bettas (sort of like people!). Constipation is fairly easy to diagnose if you know what to … Read more

snail eggs hatching: how to hatch snail eggs

If you keep Pomacea bridgesii or Pomacea canaliculata Apple Snails you may find yourself in the predicament of discovering a lovely grape-like egg cluster deposited on the side of your tank or maybe even up on the cover of your aquarium. Do not panic! Read these simple instructions and you will be well on your … Read more

How to ship live snails

Post by: mastsnail on July 17, 2004, 12:01:39 PM I’ve been asked several times about my shipping method for snails and I’d like to post this so those of you who are curious will have a point of reference. Please, don’t think this is the ONLY shipping method used for snails because I’ve received them … Read more

Triops – Bizarre But A Great Tank Addition

Post by: CompletePondCare on August 28, 2005, 05:11:11 PM If you’re looking for a tank trashman that’s more interesting to watch than ghost shrimp, easier to maintain as live food than brine shrimp or blood worms, when offered as live food for fish will stay alive in the community tank until it’s either eaten or … Read more

gardneri killifish breeding

A Male Misaje Origin: Africa Temp: 68 – 77°F (20 – 25°C) pH: 6 – 7.5 dH: Soft Temperament: Males might sometimes fight. 2 males in the same aquarium will often fight, but if you have a group of males they will usually get along. Adult Size: Up to 2 1/2 in (6.5cm) Minimum Tank … Read more

Keeping Bluegill in an Aquarium

Common Name: Bluegill Latin Name: Lepomis Macrochirus Origin: Throughout the US and Northern Mexico Temperature: 65-75°F (19-24°C) Ease Of Keeping: Easy Aggressivness: Moderately Agressive Lighting: Low Adult Size: 6-7 inches – 17cm Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons Feeding: Cichlid pellets, worms, crickets, minnows Spawning Method: Egg layer Comments: I have kept a bluegill in my … Read more

Why Is My Fish Losing Its Color?

You chose the brightest, most vibrantly colored fishes at the pet store – reds, golds, and blues. They brought your aquarium to life, but their shimmering colors are fading. They’re looking dull, and maybe even behaving listlessly. What is wrong with your fish? Why is it losing its color? Below, we’ll explore the most common … Read more